- Technology and Policy Program.
- Demirdöven, Nurettin, 1974-
- John M. Deutch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Technology and Policy Program. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Technology
and Policy Program.
- 104 p.
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- Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See
provided URL for inquiries about permission.
- This thesis reports on two technology and policy
issues directly related to hydrogen economy. The first issue
concentrates on the end-use application of hydrogen as a
transportation fuel, and deals with the following question: what is
the place of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles among the new,
more-efficient advanced vehicle technologies. Our analysis
indicates that fuel cell vehicles using hydrogen from fossils fuels
offer no significant energy efficiency advantage over hybrid
vehicles in urban driving cycle. Therefore, there is a strong
justification for federal support for hybrid vehicles that will
achieve similar results, quicker. The second issue focuses on
another important technology and policy question related to large
scale hydrogen production: are there any comparative efficiency,
cost and/or political advantages of using an advanced nuclear
reactor coupled to a thermochemical conversion plant to produce
hydrogen with respect using a conventional nuclear reactor coupled
to an electrolysis plant? The results suggest that given the
existing technical and cost uncertainties, developing an advanced
nuclear reactor technology solely for the use of thermochemical
hydrogen production is not good energy (R&D) policy.
Electrolysis is a more promising alternative provided a more
efficient electrolysis technology can be coupled to an advanced
nuclear energy (i.e. electricity) source at a reasonable cost.
Therefore, large R&D investment in thermochemical hydrogen
production should be balanced with a similar R&D in large scale
electrolysis technologies that are relatively easier to deploy and
have lower engineering risks.
- by Nurettin Demirdöven.
- Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, Engineering Systems Division, Technology and Policy
- Includes bibliographical
- M.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be
viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or
distribution in any format is prohibited without written
permission. See provided URL for inquiries about
- Instructions in case access is denied
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